Понедельник, 22 Август 2016 18:26

Как построить фундамент для дома?

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Выбор типа фундамента для частного дома

Фундамент - основа любого сооружения, и его строительству следует уделять максимум внимания.

Схема разметки ленточного фундамента.

Схема разметки ленточного фундамента.

При планировании создания фундамента под кирпичный дом необходимо учитывать его большую массу. Если этого не сделать, обустройство фундамента, который не рассчитывается на большие нагрузки, может привести к возникновению трещин на стенках дома и его разрушению. Для данной цели выполняется техническое обследование зданий. Нагрузка, которая создается кирпичным домом, может выдерживаться лишь несколькими типами фундаментов, среди которых: свайный, ленточный и плитный.

Важно отметить, что для кирпичного дома не используются столбчатые и мелкозаглубленные фундаменты. Однако это касается лишь подобных фундаментов, которые изготавливаются из металлических труб, потому как они не способны выдерживать большие нагрузки кирпичных домов.

Вне зависимости от того, какому фундаменту будет отдано предпочтение, существуют некоторые требования и нормы для каждого из них. Правильный фундамент для частного дома может построен исключительно при соблюдении подобных норм. Выбирая тип фундамента, понадобится обязательно учитывать следующие моменты:

Схема разметки столбчатого фундамента.

Схема разметки столбчатого фундамента.

  • рельеф;
  • физико-механические характеристики грунта;
  • уровень грунтовых вод;
  • глубина промерзания грунта.

Для получения подробной информации рекомендуется нанять специалиста, который сделает тщательную проверку и даст детальные данные про имеющийся грунт. Только после этого будет возможность приступить к выбору и обустройству основания.

Список всех элементов, которые понадобятся для того, чтобы построить фундамент под дом:

Схема столбчатого фундамента: ТИСЭ технология.

 

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